For this piece, we’re using a Turkish (Symmetric) knot (shown on the right) which wraps around both warps. We will have 23 knots across each row.
If needed, other lessons give explanation on the design, building a foundation and how to tie symmetric knots. We begin after we have built a foundation including several rows of kilim. Adding first row of knots:
Note: For demonstration purposes, in some pictures I will use white and blue colored warp yarns to represent the right and the left warps, respectively. This is intended to help viewers recognize each knot is tied on two warp strings.
This rug will have one weft per row of knots. Once a row of knots has been completed, we run a weft across under the right (white) warps (Alternatively, it could have begun under the left, or blue, warps). The key is to alternate between the two after each row.
After the weft is run across, we secure it by beating it down with the comb.
After each row of knots the excess knot material, typically wool is trimmed down using scissors.
The second row of knots is tied on top of the weft.
Once the second row is completed, the next row of weft is run by moving the shed, which runs under the left (blue) warp. This rug has one weft per row of knots.
The weft continues to alternate each row between the right (white) and the left (blue) warp. The weaving process continues one row at a time by tying knots according to our design shown below.
Below are the pictures of the FRONT and BACK of the rug as each row is progressively woven until the rug is completed. Remember, each row will follow the predefined design. Please note that, viewed from the BACK of the rug, a “pattern” is developing as each row is woven. This pattern will be recognizable on each and every rug woven in this way (with one weft), regardless of the design itself. It is critical to separate the rug design from the weave pattern.
Here is the finished product:
There are two major weaving techniques, each with several variations. These variations make up all the rug weaving regions in Iran. Using one of these techniques, the rug we just completed, is called a 2N weave. The “N” in 2N represents visible nodes; therefore, 2N denotes two visible nodes that form one knot. This rug will only have one weft per each row of knots.
If you’ve followed the lessons and watched the videos, you now have a solid understanding of how rugs are woven. From building a foundation to weaving, to finishing a rug, all hand-made rugs share these principles. Even though they use variations of these techniques, the principles are consistent.
My eBook will also examine the many nuances for weaving techniques including four variations of the 2N, and five variations of the 1N (D) weaves.