Iranian (Persian) Rug Making Regions

Quashghai, Quashghai (Kashkooli), Quchan, Qum, Rudbar, Sabsevar, Sarab, Saraband

Oriental rugs are often known by the regions they were woven in. Collectors of Persian rugs often research each region thoroughly to understand not only the rug weaving techniques but also the designs and traditions employed in each region. These traditions often date back hundreds of years and are woven into the culture of each region. This richness impresses even more beauty on the Persian rugs that are available for sale around the world. Learn below about the different regions and click on the photos above to see samples of the different patterns.

Iranian (Persian) rug making region(s) included on this page:

Quashghai

Quashghai is a large tribe in the south of Shiraz. They had migrated centuries ago from the eastern/western regions of the Caspian Sea, north of Iran. Some of their designs show this influence. They use horizontal looms on the ground, and most rugs are made for the weaver’s own use. Rugs from this area may be woven using a Turkish or Persian knot (mostly) and could be either 1N (D) or 2N weave.

Quashghai (Kashkooli)

Kashkoolis are rugs woven by the Quashghai tribes (semi-nomadic) but with a finer weave. Some of the designs are hybrids from the traditional Quashghai designs.

Quchan

Quchan is a city in the Khorasan province, north of Mashad. Those of Kurdish decent originally migrated to this area. Their designs may also have Caucasian or Persian Baluch influences.

Qum

Rug weaving in Qum did not begin until about 80 years ago. Some fine rugs are made in this city using wool, silk, and cotton. They learned the finer skills of rug weaving from their talented neighbors in Kashan.

Rudbar

Rudbar is a city located in northwestern Qazvin, west of the city of Tehran.

Sabsevar

Sabsevar is located north of the Khorasan province with similar designs to Mashad rugs.

Sarab

Sarab is a weaving center within the Azarbaijan province. Some older pieces were woven with camel hair with its distinctive color. It typically had geometric designs. Some believe the name Serapi may have originated from this region.

Saraband

A rug weaving area southwest of the city of Arak (Sultanabad) that uses a repeated allover boteh design. The names Mir and Saraband are sometimes used together to indicate a high-quality Saraband rug. Rugs from this area may be woven using a Turkish or Persian knot.

If you are curious to learn more, my eBook The Art of Oriental Rugs - A Weaver's Perspective shows you: 1) how to identify a weave** and how different techniques produce “recognizable” variations in different regions, 2) maps with geographical views of where rugs are woven in the country of Iran and how the regional weaves influence each other, and 3) 750+ close-up pictures of weaves from 170+ rug-weaving regions in Iran and around the globe. I’ve written a book I wish I had when I first started in the rug business. This, I humbly hope, will be seen as an indispensable addition to any library.

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