The loom is the structure or frame supporting the warps on which the rug is woven. It can be made of metal, solid wood or even tree branches, depending on availability. It can also either stand vertical or lie flat on the ground.
To weave a good rug, it’s critical to keep the warp under even tension. Depending on the severity, if the tension is uneven across the loom, it can result in consequences such as ripples in the final product.
The sturdier a loom is, the easier it is to keep an even tension across the warps.
The image below shows a simple drawing of a Tabriz loom used to make some of the pieces in my eBook.
There are several critical parts which make this functional to weave a handmade rug.
The warps are wrapped around the fixed and the adjustable beams. The weaver can adjust the tension on the warps strings by tightening the screws on top of the loom. As mentioned, when applying the warp strings, it is critical to keep the tension as even as possible. Otherwise, many challenges will surface as the weaving progresses.
Here is a picture of the loom I used to weave all the samples shown in my eBook. I mounted it on an old swivel chair frame to allow quick access of the front and back of the rug without much effort. It also allowed me to weave while standing, which reduces stress on the spine.